tv Global 3000 PBS June 18, 2016 12:30am-1:01am PDT
23this week, global 3000 is dedicated to people in need around the world. it's an alarming state of affairs which urgently requires more support, more collaboration, more money. we go to nepal where a year after the earthquake a 12-year-old boy talks about his family's daily life. we visit a border town in turkey where a hundred thousand syrians have sought refuge. but they are not safe from the war here either. and we meet some app designers whose ideas are encouraging others to give money for those in need. according to the u.n., worldwide human suffering is greater today than at any other point since the end of the second world war. the causes are war, terrorism,
natural disasters. a world humanitarian summit has been convened to look for solutions. what are the demands on emergency relief today? in war-torn iraq over a quarter of the population is dependent on humanitarian aid. in somalia that figure is as high as 40%. it's a country in a permanent state of civil war. there's civil war in south sudan, too. there, two-thirds of the population are in desperate need of help. the war in yemen has caused terrible suffering. nearly 80% of people there are reliant on foreign aid. it's similar in syria. years of war there have displaced millions of people, many of whom have fled to turkey, often to the border towns. two rockets in a row have hit the turkish town of kilis.
one landed in a field. the other hit a residential district. once again, panic has broken out. shrapnel has hit several buildings. this has been going on for three months. crying children can be heard here almost every day. these young men say the rocket hit here five minutes ago. according to turkish media, over 20 people in kilis have been killed by rockets so far this year. >> if our government doesn't do anything, i'm going to enlist in the army. give us weapons. they're just five kilometers away. we'll deal with them ourselves. >> for a long time kilis exemplified peaceful
coexistence between turks and syrians. but now some of its streets make it look like a ghost town. shops are increasingly staying closed. a number of the 90,000 turks and estimated 120,000 syrian refugees have left kilis. the ruins of buildings hit by rockets can be seen everywhere. mariam, a syrian, and her three sons, are visiting the house where her daughter yasmin died. shattered window panes, a hole in the roof. it was hit by a rocket in mid april. mariam and her sons were inside at the time. her daughter was playing with a friend on the roof. both girls were killed. mariam, who fled to kilis from aleppo in syria, still can't believe it. >> when i looked for my daughter up here here i saw the
two girls lying lifeless next to each other. they were covered with debris so i didn't see them right away. then other people came to help. i fainted and all i can remember is waking up in a hospital. >> fear is spreading in kilis. where and when will the next rocket hit? those who can no longer stand it pack their bags and flee to the interior of the country. this turkish father is one of them. he says kilis has become too dangerous, so he's taking his wife, children, and mother to another town. >> i'm going to adapazari near istanbul where i want them to stay. it's like a war zone here. our lives are in danger. >> mariam doesn't want to flee again. her husband was killed by a bomb in aleppo. her daughter is now buried here in kilis. she didn't have enough money
for a name on the gravestone. all she has now are a cell phone photo and her memories. >> she was like an angel, my only daughter. god gave her to me and now he's taken her away. >> now mariam hopes god won't take any more of her family away. fighter jets from the antii.s. coalition circle the sky. turkey is building a wall along stretches of its border to i.s.-controlled areas in syria. behind it, the black flag of the terrorist group is visible. the men here on the turkish side tell us we won't have to wait long before bombs fall on islamist positions. and we don't. it wasn't long before rockets were fired back at kilis from there. ugur cifta, a turkish resident,
shows us his kitchen. >> the rocket hit the roof and tore this hole in the ceiling. ugur had rented out his house. now his tenants are gone. no one was hurt, but the rockets are also putting economic pressure on kilis. >> we took out a mortgage to buy the house. now we can't pay the installments. >> the rockets don't always hit, but when they do, the damage is massive. >> everyone's moved away. the children are terrified when a door slams. what kind of government is this? they should find a solution. >> but there are no quick solutions. the turkish government doesn't want to become one of the warring parties in syria, so for the foreseeable future, kilis will remain a town under fire. >> helping people in need around the world takes a great
deal of money, and the amount of aid required has risen dramatically over the past 10 years from around $5 billion u.s. in 2006 to almost $20 billion today. that's a fourfold increase in money required, but the funds are not being made available. and countries rarely deliver on their aid promises. which means it's time to get creative. particularly with ideas to encourage donations. we look at two initiatives, the first of which comes from a startup in germany. >> 40 cents won't buy you much in berlin and certainly not a complete lunch but in other places 40 cents can feed people in need. thanks to an app developed by this team. the creators are a startup based in berlin's district. stricker took time off from his day job at the united nations to develop the charity app. many of his staff helped out
for >> we want to make it as easy as possible for people to fight global hunger actually. there are about 100 million children suffering from severe hunger, but at the same time it only costs 50 cents, 40 euro cents to feed one child for one full day. and with the share the meal app you can actually feed that one child. >> the principle is simple. with one click a smartphone user can donate money for a day, a week, or a month. the donation is funneled into one particular project that is supposed to make its use as transparent as possible. at the moment donations are helping feed syrian refugee children in lebanon. before that a project in lisjuto was the project. children worldwide still go hungry. stricker and his collaborator hope to reach as many people as possible with their idea. they have the support of the u.n., which has taken up the
startup in the world food program. >> w.f.p. feeds about 80 million people every year so it has a lot of experience in doing that. it has global reach. but it can also do so in a very efficient manner simply because of scale effects. >> more than 5 million meals costing 40 cents each have been collected since share the meal was launched last year. but the team is not resting on its laurels but is constantly optimizing the app. stricker says innovation has been a major factor in its success. >> an app seems to be the next step that we need to take to do fundraising. as you know, internet users are moving away from fixed devices moving to mobile devices, so we feel we have to understand how to actually leverage smart phoness and apps. and whether an app is going to be the instrument to end hunger, in all likelihood, not,
but we should -- we don't have a choice to not try it. >> the startup is now preparing for its next big step. so far the app has only been available in german and english. now an arabic version is due to come out just in time for the start of the muslim ramadan period in early june. >> my name is sidra. i am 12 years old. i am in the fifth grade. i'm from syria, deira-ez-zur. >> experiencing the lives of people on the other side of the world through virtual reality. >> i have a big family -- three brothers. one is a baby. he cries a lot. >> these people are watching "clouds over sidra" a
360-degree virtual reality film shot in zaatari, jordan's largest refugee camp. film maker gabo arora has create ad project meant to make it easier for aid organizations to collect donations. >> i started experimenting with using innovative ways of advocacy. i started talking to a lot of different partners and people. what could we do that would be incredible? and someone said, you know, i just came from a meeting with samsung, you know, with some of these other virtual reality headsets. wouldn't it be amazing if you got all of those elite people who could actually go to a refugee camp? or they could go to an ebola clinic. i just really felt it would get our issues highlighted. >> for 360-degree films a number of cameras are needed that can film in all directions. their footage is assembled on a computer. an observer can then move
freely in the virtual space created. aaron koblin, a media designer, explains what is needed for such an experience. >> it usually consists in the portable form of a mobile phone that connects directly into a viewer. so whether that's a higher end version like the gear v.r. by samsung or a google cardboard unit, you have basically the same idea -- lenses which are using sensors to orienton convince yourself that you're somewhere where you're not. >> my mother makes sure that we are all together for dinner. i still love her food, even if she doesn't have the spices she used to. >> we were able to put it on the heads of these change makers and for a brief moment put them on ground in the
refugee camp. it's i think a really powerful thing. you could see the way that it was impacting them. >> the film has already been shown at various conferences on syria. but how does it affect people's willingness to donate money? >> and then we caught version for unicef for its face-to-face fundraisers. the way they do that is usually someone with a clipboard on the street in europe or different countries, so they thought, what if we got people to experience virtual reality on the street? >> this really opened my eyes to the fact that there are children living without basic necessities like clean water. >> i was a little depressed about the situation for the people there. >> by using virtual reality unicef has been able to nearly double its donations on the street. but political decision makers will probably be less led by their emotions.
and the misery of the 80,000 people in jordan's zaatari camp is very real. whether virtual reality can change that, remains to be seen. >> millions of people around the world may not have a solid roof over their heads but they still have a home of sorts. we visit a family in nepal where last year's earthquake continues to be felt.
>> my name is niras and i live in kathmandu. after the earthquake i live in a tent. welcome to see my tent. come. i'm living here with my father, mother, brothers, and my uncle. and all in here. and i am very happy because my family is in here. that's my temple, little temple, and here is our god. and i believe in god. and god has helped me and all my family in here. and that's tika. tika from the tihar festival
and we've put the tika just like that. tika. this is my mother now cooking tea. he is my father, and he has one little shop. and it -- just like that. it is in here. it is puri here and fusa. this is puri. and puri is very tasty. we eat that in here whole. and we put in here in the hole water and we eat. it is very tasty. can you eat that? can you taste?
thank you for visiting us. and that was my tent. and good-bye. >> and now to our global ideas series where we meet with people working to protect plants and animals. barbary macaques are particularly famous as residents of the british enclave gibraltor, north of morocco, where they play a role in local legend. as long as the apes can be seen bounding on the cliffs above the town, it says, gibraltor will remain under british control. our reporter mabel gundlach traveled to the bouhachem forest in morocco. barbary macaques are under threat of extinction but here they're supposed to be able to live in peace though that is
not as easy as it sounds. >> we're on the road in the monkey bus, driving at a leisurely pace. that's the only way we even have a chance of spotting wild barbary macaques. welsh woman sian waters and her team have been observing the lives of these threatened prime eights for several years especially in the reef mountains in northern morocco. >> in some places in morocco for instance in the middle atlas, there is a research project going on there that looks particularly at the wild macaques' behavior. so the macaques have been habituated specifically for that research. here, for example, they are not habituated to people at all. they're afraid of people and so when they see people they run. so it is impossible to follow them. >> the habitat of the barbary macaques is under threat. deforestation is taking place in the rif mountains to clear the way for farmland. bouhachem forest is being
affected, too, as a new study shows. where we are, it still looks intact. sian waters tells us the macaques can live relatively well here, so there is hope of spotting some. we've been traveling with the wildlife conservationists for four days now. this is a small, committed team of under 10 people. mohamed chitwan is one of them. he gets closest to the shy barbary macaques. he often spends time here alone to observe them. he knows the forest inside out. he's spent days and nights here and knows the places the macaques frequent. they live in groups that usually consist of 40 to 60 animals. they're hard to spot among the leaves and rocks. >> the macaques come along with me, so i'm never afraid at night. and in the morning i find them in front of me again. the same thing in the evening
until they get to sleep. we protect each other, like friends. >> for a long time shepherds in bouhachem forest were no friends of the monkeys. they hunted them sometimes to sell them, but a number of shepherds have now been persuaded to stop. so now often it's usually only their dogs that still hunt the monkeys. yunus is one such shepherd. he stresses that his dogs are well behaved and just watch over his flocks. but he says that free roaming animals do sometimes attack the macaques and kill them. the next day the weather is so ugly it's pointless to look for barbary macaques. so we visit the building the wildlife conservationists plan
to expand into an education and conservation centre. inside, sian shows us photographs documenting the illegal trade in barbary macaques. >> unfortunately, it is a very difficult situation. we have a problem with animals being caught and captured from the middle atlas for the illegal pet trade and also what happens is that some of them are caught and used as photo props. we already worked with the forestry authorities to confiscate illegally-held macaques. some of those animals we look at very carefully to see if they can be released back into the wild. so if we could have some kind of building here, a very basic structure where we could assess their behavior and their suitability for release, that would make life a lot easier for us because at the moment we don't have that. >> we're in the village of tail ya min -- taliamine.
a group of women has gathered around ahmedel harrad. he is especially good at getting the villagers to understand the macaques and supervises a touring exhibition that informs people about the threat to the monkeys. >> when i find a monkey at a site for instance they phone us quickly. sometimes 20 different people phone. we've confiscated quite a number of animals simply because the exhibition has been so inform ive. >> tail lilliamin is a remote village in the bouhachem forest and only reachable by a dirt road for the last year and a half. time seems almost to have stood still here, but the village is slowly changing. there is now a school center where women can learn reading and arithmetic for instance or knitting and sewing. protecting the macaques is not
a priority here. so sian waters proceeds carefully. she makes it clear that the villagers' needs will be taken into account. she not only explains why her team wants to protect the macaques but also how it will benefit the residents of taliamine. ahmed translates. >> we need to understand how the people who share the macaques' habitat or use the forest see the macaques, because they don't necessarily see them the same way as we do from europe. so, for example, they might not see them as interesting or beautiful in themselves. they may see them as an economic resource or a pest, for example. >> we still haven't given up
hope of spotting wild barbary macaques. the next day we start off again. we meet mohamed, who, as so often, is walking alone through the forest. he tells us he's seen two groups, one more nervous than the other. we try to find the calmer group. and we're in luck. 20 to 30 meters away from us we discover one macaque after another and we keep our distance so as not to scare them away. studies have shown that wild barbary macaques are healthier and better able to reproduce than those that are accustomed to humans.
so we don't stay for too long. and that's all from "global 3000" this week. next time, we head to the indian megacity mumbai. around 30 theirs flamingos live in the bay in terrible conditions. their home is contaminated with trash and sewage. all that and more next week in a new edition of "global 3000." until then, do write to us at global email@example.com or visit our facebook page. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
- [voiceover] this program is made possible in part by historic marion, virginia, home of the wayne henderson school of appalachian arts, celebrating 20 years as a certified, virginia main street community. the ellis family foundation, general francis marion hotel. the general francis marion hotel and black rooster restaurant and lounge, providing luxurious accomodations and casual fine dining. the bank of marion, your vision, your community, your bank. emory & henry college, since 1836, solving problems through creative and collaborative results based education. wbrf, 98.1 fm.